Existential Phenomenology involves a group of different intellectuals who perceive that philosophy must originate from phenomenology, but philosophers have failed to quit existence to have a comprehensive observation of human conditions. It delineates people’s subjective nature, reflecting their principles, commitments, values, interactions, and feelings. Subsequently, it defines the actions and experiences of people rather than their behaviors or traditions.
A study by Embree (1998) justifies that existential phenomenology is not organized for complexity reasons and science theories but incorporated in the reflective description of logical investigations as well as Nietzsche and Kierkegaard’s interests in the 1920s and 1930s. The term phenomenology is a rational inquiry that vindicates the reasons for appearances – consciousness validating philosophical investigation. In phenomenology, Husserl exemplifies that consciousness is profoundly intentional. Existentialism is considered a philosophical responsibility with its roots traceable to 19th-century literary works. It defines an individual’s history, culture, relations, and the understanding of personal existences (Valle & Halling, 2013). Therefore, the combination of existentialism and phenomenology explains the meaning of existential phenomenology related to humans’ mental and intentional actions.
Phenomenological techniques can be used to demonstrate variations of experiences, for instance, specific experiences of tourists. It has been accepted and widely used by tourist researchers, although challenged by controversies on its interpretation within tourist academic institutions (Goolaup & Solér, 2018). Heidegger’s thought on human existence labeled “being” as “being-in-the-world.” This fact explains why those in the organizational world find the meaning and purpose to be involved with that company’s endeavors.
Conclusively, existential phenomenology tries to understand every day’s intentional and conscious actions of people. It describes the meaning of an individual’s daily experiences and organizational or social actions in a personal approach. It has been used in many sectors such as sports, health, tourists, and management studies in understanding unobservable traits of people, which include: emotions, feelings, consciousness, thoughts, freedom, and existence in debasing working environments.
Embree, L. (1998). Existential phenomenology. In Phenomenological movement. In The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Taylor and Francis. Retrieved 19 Nov. 2020, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/overview/phenomenological-movement/v-1/sections/existential-phenomenology. Doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DD075-1
Goolaup, S., & Solér, C. (2018). Conducting Existential Phenomenological Research in Tourism.
Valle, R. S., & Halling, S. (2013). Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology: Exploring the breadth of human experience. Springer Science & Business Media.